Apgar score (infant vitality score)
The Apgar scale is determined by evaluating the newborn baby on five simple criteria, then summing up their value. The resulting score – recorded at one minute and five minutes from the time of birth – ranges from zero to 10.
The Apgar assessment helps physicians determine if the newborn baby requires immediate medical treatment, but is not an indicator of the infant’s long-term development.
The five criteria of the Apgar score:
|Criteria||Score of 0||Score of 1||Score of 2|
|Skin colour||blue or pale all over||body pink, blue at extremities||pink|
|Pulse rate||absent||less than 100 beats per minute||more than 100 beats per minute|
|Reflex irritability grimace||no response to stimulation||grimace on suction or aggressive stimulation||cry on stimulation|
|Activity||none||some flexion||strong flexion|
|Respiratory effort||absent||convulsive, weak crying||strong, robust cry|